Routing and Mode of Transportation

Transportation: Restoration of the “Ring Road” that links Kabul, Kandahar, and Herat with the northern cities of Mazar-e-Sharif and Kunduz continues. Much of the road has now been completed, including economically vital stretches linking Kabul, Kandahar, and Herat.

Landlocked Afghanistan has no functioning railways, but the Amu Darya (Oxus) River, which forms part of Afghanistan's border with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, has barge traffic. During their occupation of the country, the Soviets completed a bridge across the Amu Darya. The Shirkan Bandar bridge, reconstructed with U.S. assistance, reopened in 2007 and has opened vital trade routes between Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

The Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif railway project is also in progress. The project aims to increase trade between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, reduce transport costs, increase vehicle operation savings, and create job opportunities in the project area. It will improve Hairatan's marshaling yard and railway station, construct a new single-track railway line of about 75 km from Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif, construct a new transshipment terminal facility at Mazar-e-Sharif, install signaling and telecommunication systems, install safety features for efficient operation, develop institutional capacity of the railway sector, and provide construction supervision and project management consultancy.

Afghanistan's national airline, Ariana, operates domestic and international routes, including flights to New Delhi, Islamabad, Dubai, Moscow, Istanbul, and Tehran. Civil aviation has been expanding rapidly and several private airlines now offer an alternative to Ariana and operate a domestic and international route network. The first, Kam Air, commenced domestic operations in November 2003.

Network: Following are the routings for cargo destined to various parts of Afghanistan via Karachi- Islamabad/Rawalpindi- Lahore- Peshawar- Quetta- Kabul.

There is no rail network in Afghanistan and all trade is conducted by land route from and other neighboring countries.

Carrier's Own containers (COC) are to be de-stuffed at Islamgala, Afghanistan. However, Shipper's Own Containers can be transported to any final destination in Afghanistan. All Fragile items and household goods shipment is crated and then stuffed in COC.

Following are the routings for cargo destined to various parts of Afghanistan via Karachi- Islamabad/Rawalpindi-

Lahore- Peshawar- Quetta- Kabul

The nearest Sea Port for import of Cargo into Afghanistan is Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistan is in the most advantageous position in Afghan Transit Trade, (ATT) where Port of Karachi plays a major role as hinterland port and "GATEWAY" to Afghanistan and Central Asian States, Countries. Now a days, a treaty has been signed which is called ‘THE PAKISTAN AFGHANISTAN TRADE TRANIST’.

There is no rail network in Afghanistan and all trade is conducted by land route from Pakistan and other neighboring countries. Cargo for Afghanistan in Transit via Pakistan (Karachi /Port) is exempted from Custom Duty and taxes in Pakistan. However, a Special Custom Cell processes and examines the cargo at Karachi Port.

All cargo i.e. containerized or break-bulk is forwarded by Road from Karachi to the Customs Posts at following location.

1. Peshawar/Torkham for Cargo destined for Jalalabad/kabul.
2. Outlets/Chaman for Cargo destined for Kandhar & Herat.

Required documentation is conceded at Custom Post, after which the cargo/container crosses into Afghanistan. Having crossed the border, the loaded trucks move forward to the Afghan Custom House at Torkham, Jalalabad, Kubul or Kandhar as the case may be. The consignee in Afghanistan arranges the unloading and custom clearance of the cargo.

From arrival Karachi via Peshawar up to delivery kabul 07-08 days
From arrival Karachi via Chaman up to delivery Kandahar 03-04 days

Road Transportation
Karachi - Peshawar - Kabul Sector
Karachi - Chaman - Kandahar Sector
Maximum weight per container 30 M. Tons

Distance from Karachi
Kabul via Peshawar 2,015 Kilo Meters
Kandahar via Chaman 917 Kilo Meters
Jalalabad via Peshawar 1,840 Kilo Meters

Customs Borders
For your information there are 6 customs border as follows :
Dogharun - Islam Qalah - Afghanistan.
Kosha - Turkmenistan / Turghundi - Afghanistan.
Aghinesh - Turkmenistan / Andkhooy- Afghanistan.
Termez - Uzbekistan / Galabeh - Afghanistan.
Khaibar Pass - Pakistan / Turkham.
Chaman / Pakistan - Soleyman Kalay

Trade License of ACTCO

Trade License Trade License

Click to zoom

Maafi Naama

Trade License

Click to zoom

Shipments to Afghanistan

Shipments to Afghanistan

Click to download

Photos of Afghanistan

Photo Gallery
View All